Most unidentified flying object (UFO) sightings are likely the result of optical illusions or hardware glitches. It’s also likely that at least some of them are technology from here on Earth. However, the US Government is taking them more seriously now and advancing more research on the subject.

The US Congress is set to pass a new defense bill that would allow funding to reverse engineer UFO technology. The bill would form a rapid response force that would conduct field investigations and analyze data from any sightings of unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP), the US government’s preferred term for UFOs.

The new law marks the most significant UFO legislation ever passed in the U.S. following high-profile encounters with unknown objects reported by the Navy.

The group appears to fall under the purview of the UFO task force, dubbed the Airborne Object Identification and Management Synchronization Group, that the Pentagon announced in November. The group was formed to investigate reports of unidentified aerial phenomena in sensitive areas, work that will be overseen by both the military and the intelligence agencies. Incidents around nuclear facilities are also noted for special attention.

The bill would also require the Pentagon to create a research process that would allow it to understand any UAP that appears beyond the “known state of the art in science or technology.”

Currently, the issue is scattered throughout the Department of Defense and other departments and agencies of the federal government, according to military.com. 

The bill requires all of the findings to be collected under the new joint UAP office and delivered to Congress in annual reports and biannual briefings to defense committees.