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Criminal intelligence has become a central tool in modern crime control that is used by law enforcement to understand rapid changes in crime trends. Improving information sharing across law enforcement agencies is its enabler, since it boosts efficiency and accelerates the work of the teams. The development of intelligence relies on the sharing of information between agencies—including law enforcement, other government agencies and private sector entities. A new infrastructure designed to help security and law enforcement agencies in India is currently underway. 

Once operational, the grid – a master database of 21 databases – will use big data and various analytics tools to analyse vast amounts of data from key intelligence and enforcement agencies to help track terrorist and crime suspects.

The grid will involve data including that related to credit and debit cards, tax, telecom, immigration, airlines and railway tickets, passports, driving licenses, according to hindustantimes.com.

The grid was conceptualized after the 26/11 Mumbai shooting and bombing attacks perpetrated by a Pakistan-based terrorist organization. The grid aims to address a vital deficiency of lack of real-time and continuity of information

The physical infrastructure for the much-awaited National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) Project is set to be completed by March 31 and the online system would go live by the end of this year, officials in the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) confirmed.

The NATGRID is an Information Technology (IT)-enabled platform that will share information relating to crime in real time and keep track of such incidents in the best interest of national security. It connects databases of core security agencies of the Government of India and collects comprehensive patterns of intelligence that can be readily accessed by security agencies for further action.

The grid will use modern technologies like big data and various analytics tools to analyse vast amounts of data from key intelligence and enforcement agencies to help track suspected terrorist and crime related activities to help prevent them.

The grid will be a secure centralised database to stream sensitive information from 21 sets of data sources such as banks, credit cards, visa, immigration and train and air travel details, as well as other relevant data from various intelligence agencies. The database would be accessible to authorised persons from 10 agencies on a case-to-case basis, and only for professional investigations into suspected cases of terrorism. Currently, there are around 70 personnel, drawn from both the government and private sectors, in NATGRID, according to tribuneindia.com.