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Experts say that after the terror attacks in Paris, there is a need to monitor not only mosques known for extremist views, but also prisons.

Homeland Security News Wire is quoting experts that call prisons “Universities for terror”.

According to NBC News, would-be American Airlines “shoe bomber” Richard Reid converted to Islam while in Britain’s Felthham young offenders’ institution. Muktar Ibrahim, who attempted a second London transit attack in 2005, became radicalized in the same facility.

Spanish drug dealer Jose Emilio Suarez Trashorras and Moroccan petty criminal Jamal Ahmidan were among those recruited by an al Qaeda-linked cell while serving sentences in Spain’s Topas prison, later becoming co-conspirators in the 2004 Madrid train bombing.

Two of the perpetrators of the Paris attacks, Cherif Kouachi and Amedy Coulibaly, were influenced by Djamel Beghal, a 49-year old Algerian, while serving their sentence inside the Fleury-Merogis prison near Paris.

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Coulibaly had been convicted for his role in a bank raid, and Kouachi, jailed for “very low profile” terror offenses. Experts note that this pattern is typical of the radicalization process.

The FBI launched a joint Correctional Intelligence Initiative in 2003 to improve intelligence collection and deter radicalization at Federal Bureau of Prisons facilities. Yet the mix of federal, state, and county jails have made it difficult to operate a nationwide initiative.

In the United Kingdom, the Healthy Identities Intervention project and Qur’an-based Al Furqan (“the Criterion”, or “the Standard”) program (named after the 25th Surah), challenge the views of radical Islam through religious teachings. In California’s Folsom state prison, prisoner-led initiatives exist to counter violent extremist beliefs in Islam. “We shouldn’t think that prisons are manufacturing terrorists like automobile parts – if so, they’re doing a lousy job,” some prisoners told reporters.