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A US Navy will soon operate an advanced sensor giving it increased ability to detect and destroy enemy mines and submarines from a Littoral Combat Ship.
The helicopter-like Fire Scout ’s new sensor, designed for combat and surveillance missions in littoral waters, is called the Coastal Battlefield Reconnaissance and Analysis, or COBRA.
COBRA’s primary function is detecting mines and submarines while keeping the LCS and its crew at a safe distance.
Given that the Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship is engineered to use its shallow draft, speed and maneuverability to conduct combat operations in littoral waters near enemy coastlines, having an improved technological capacity to find and detect enemy mines and submarines near the surface expands its mission envelope and provides needed protection for offensive ship operations.
Having a small helicopter detachment able to launch and land off the back of the LCS is a key part of the Navy’s emerging strategy for surface warfare, countermine warfare and anti-submarine warfare.
“COBRA is currently in Initial Operational Test and Evaluation on the MQ-8B and is projected to reach Initial Operational Capability this year,” Capt. Jeff Dodge, Fire Scout program manager, told scout.com.
The Fire Scout has been both deploying and conducting training missions on board Navy Littoral Combat Ships for several years.
The Navy is also integrating a new maritime search radar to its larger Fire Scout variant – the MQ-8C in order to extend its ISR capacity and provide better targeting support to nearby offensive operations.
While the existing electro-optical and infrared cameras on the Fire Scout have a range of six-to-ten miles, the new maritime radar can find targets at ranges out to 80 nautical miles, service officials explained.
The Navy recently awarded Fire Scout-maker Northrop Grumman a $32 million contract modification to conduct systems engineering, technical review and extensive testing of the new radar.
The Fire Scout is engineered to work in tandem with MH-60R helicopters to identify and destroy targets as part of a maritime strike squadron.
The helicopter and unmanned aircraft system, working with one another, are designed to extend the range of the shallow-water LCS. They provide ISR, targeting, and threat-detection technologies miles away from the ship and its crew, using a data link to send information back to a control station onboard the ship.
The helicopter squadron provides a persistent over-watch for shipping traffic, threats and other potential targets. The MH-60 provides initial surveillance and situational awareness. Once something of concern it discovered, the Fire Scout can provide persistent surveillance capability to the ship and to the squadron, service developers explained.
In recent years, the Navy has armed the Fire Scout with laser-guided precision rockets as part of an assessment for future integration.