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AUKUS member countries (the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia) revealed they mean to use advanced AI to find and track Chinese submarines. Defense leaders from the three nations revealed their plans for the “Aukus Pillar II” security arrangement that aims to “help sustain peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.”

According to Interesting Engineering, “Aukus Pillar II” focuses on cooperation in eight technological areas, including advanced cybersecurity, quantum technologies, and hypersonic weapons. One part of the plan will be developing and using advanced AI technology on patrol aircraft, including the US’s P-8A “Poseidon” that’s designed for anti-submarine warfare. This aircraft is used for regular patrols in the Pacific and is highly capable of attacking and destroying submarines, as it is equipped with torpedoes and cruise missiles to attack submarines and surface vessels.

China reportedly operates six nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, six nuclear-powered attack submarines, and 48 diesel-powered/air-independent powered attack submarines, and is only expected to grow.

The AI in the project will be used to process information gathered by underwater detection devices used by AUKUS countries to enhance the effectiveness of the devices. Data processed by AI will enable the three countries to track Chinese submarines more quickly and accurately. AI algorithms and machine learning are expected to enhance force protection, precision targeting, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Furthermore, in addition to AI, the three countries announced collaboration on quantum technologies, electronic warfare, and hypersonic weapons.

AUKUS members also revealed they intend to establish an “Industry Forum” meant to join government and industry representatives and provide insights on policy, technical, and commercial frameworks to aid the development and delivery of advanced capabilities. AUKUS also plans to expand private sector engagement through a newly formed “Aukus Defense Investors Network.”