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global cyber

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Global Cyber

Review

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USA

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U.S. directly accuses China of cyber-attacks  The Obama administration explicitly accused China’s military of mounting attacks on American government computer systems and defense contractors, saying one motive could be to map “military capabilities that could be exploited during a crisis.”  While some recent estimates have more than 90 percent of cyber-espionage in the United States originating in China, the accusations were remarkable in their directness. Until now the administration avoided directly accusing the Chinese of using cyber-weapons against the United States in a deliberate, government-developed strategy to steal intellectual property and gain strategic advantage.
China and the U.S. to work together on cyber-security issues
The United States has made substantial progress in recent talks on computer hacking issues with both China and Russia. Michael Daniel, the Obama administration’s cyber-security policy coordinator, said that China has agreed to establish a joint working group with the United States to address Internet security issues such as cyber espionage. The group will convene for the first time this summer.

 

Russia

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Russia becoming a cyber crime ‘super-power’ Russia is considered to be a world superpower in digital crimes, especially in the field of online fraud, spam and network attacks that cause Denial of Service (DoS-attack) preventing users’ access to systems without causing them direct damage. As early as 2011, more than a third of the cyber crime in the world, inflicting damage worth around $12.5b, was carried out by Russian-speaking natives.

Iran

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Iran claims to have been the victim of a serious cyber-attack Iran has set up a crisis committee to counter what officials described as a “cyberattack.” Officials said a data-deleting virus hit the Internet and communication systems of the Iranian Oil Ministry and National Oil Company late on April 22, forcing Iran to temporarily disconnect the control systems of a number of oil facilities to curb the virus.

The Arab Countries

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Saudi Arabia tops the list of Middle Eastern countries targeted by cyber-attacks After a series of recent cyber-attacks, Saudi Arabia has been placed at the top of a list ranking countries receiving the most electronic threats worldwide. In terms of malware and fake websites, attacks have declined, however, the list highlights that Saudi Arabia is still ranked first in the Middle East with regards to spam and second in the world. In fact, the percentage of cyber-attacks against the kingdom has increased by 42 per cent in recent times. The attacks are focused on stealing data and information as well as targeting small and medium enterprises.

APAC

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Thailand to train new cyber-security force  Thailand to enhance cyber-security training, capability: 40 officers will be trained to become instructors specializing in ethical hacking and computer forensic skills, in agreement with the International Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants. 
Risks of using the Interest in South East Asia exposed in new report  Southeast Asia is the world’s most dangerous internet-surfing region and Thailand is the third most-dangerous base for accessing the web.

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UK faces serious cyber threats The UK is faced with the threat of imminent cyber-attacks endangering not just online systems, but real-world operations, warned the government’s director of the Office of Cyber Security. He urged anyone who did not think destructive attacks were coming to study the attacks on Saudi Armco, which brought down 30,000 computers with a virus.
UK Cyber security investments The UK has invested £650m into cyber security, setting up various initiatives and numerous data sharing bodies, including the CISP (Cyber-security Information Sharing Partnership).
France seeks to protect critical infrastructure from cyber-attack  The French government is preparing a new proposal on cyber-security for vital infrastructures to be implemented nationwide. Around one thousand institutions including government departments, companies in telecommunications, energy corporations, banks and transportation hubs will need to abide by the new law as without these institutions the country would no longer function. These companies are economic representatives of the country and will be required to report any attacks that they fall victim to.

 

The Global Cyber review is produced by the INSS Cyber Warfare Program Team:

Dr. Gabi Siboni, Daniel Cohen, Hadas Klein, Aviv Rotbart, Gal Perel, Amir Steiner, Doron Avraham, Shlomi Yass, Keren Hatkevitz, Sami Kronenfeld, Matthew Barnes, Jeremy Makowski, Simon Tsipis