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At the same time that the modern battlefield is being extensively digitized, the world’s armies are investing heavily in the equipment of their soldiers and in the development of new technologies. These are some of the notable technological trends in dismounted soldier systems (DSS), which aim to facilitate communication and navigation between military forces in the field, identified by GlobalData Research Institute:
AI is perhaps the most important technological development in the past decade in the defense sector, which can be incorporated into a range of technologies for defense, as well as combat modernization. As a result of digitizing the modern battlefield, we have created an “information overload,” which impacts the decision-making processes of individual soldiers. With artificial intelligence technologies integrated into a variety of systems, commanders and soldiers will have access to more tactical and strategic data. This will contribute to improving response times and facilitate the coordination of forces in large operations. The field of AI also shapes unmanned systems, assists in decision-making through an unmanned (MUM-T) team, and much more.
Wearables and augmented reality (AR): The modern warfare is becoming increasingly networked, making wearable devices crucial for infantry officers and soldiers to improve their situational awareness and combat effectiveness. They can be linked to a variety of radio systems and battle management systems, and have smart screens and information displays. Recent advancements in augmented reality, such as the IVAS system currently being tested by US forces, can also enhance response times and awareness of soldiers.
Internet of Things (IoT): Internet of Military Things (IoMT) refers to a network of sensors and devices that utilize a cloud computing network and advanced communication techniques to maintain effective intelligence sharing and communication between forces. Using this technology, the US military is creating a networked force, with every soldier being a ‘data center’. IoMT promotes the importance of ‘connecting’ soldiers to a variety of platforms, including ships, aircraft, tanks, and unmanned vehicles. IoT and IoMT are expected to make it possible for military forces to process, analyze, and store data more quickly, as reported by army-technology.com.