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By Emily B. Landau, Shimon Stein*
When Shultz, Perry, Kissinger, and Nunn published their op-eds on a world free of nuclear weapons in 2007 and 2008, the primary motivating factor for their new and surprising joint agenda was the fear that the world’s most dangerous weapons, materials, and know-how would fall into the hands of the most dangerous entities, namely, terrorists. When Barack Obama became president in 2009 he adopted this agenda, advocating a plan to reduce nuclear weapons worldwide – to create “a world without nuclear weapons.” One component of his disarmament agenda was to carve out a plan to secure nuclear materials in all states, a goal that the administration began to advance with its inaugural Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington, DC in 2010. Thereafter, follow-up summits were held in 2012 (Seoul) and 2014 (The Hague), with the final two-day summit held on March 31-April 1, 2016, once again in Washington DC.