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Civil aviation authorities evaluate easing the restriction on the use of unmanned air systems (UAS) for homeland security missions. The restrictions in Israel and in other countries have so far limited this use which is vital for many of the missions. The situation in the u.s is a good example to the confronting interests of the civil aviation authorities and the users. Restrictions on UAS in civil airspace are a limiting factors in the u.s .
With almost 20,000 local law enforcement agencies in the United States, there is strong potential for robust sales of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the next decade. This is a strong market for both established companies and a new breed of small companies. Also fueling this growth are Department of Homeland Security (DHS) grants to states and localities.
Congress is pushing the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to prepare a comprehensive plan to integrate UAVs into the national airspace by 2015, including a provision to that effect in the FAA reauthorization bill early this year. First responder use of UAVs weighing less than 4.4 pounds will be allowed by this summer without the cumbersome approval process now required. Within 27 months, rules will be established for integration of small UAVs weighing less than 55 pounds.
According to Homeland security today , while DHS has been operating Predator UAVs for several years, until recently the FAA was reluctant to allow the use of even small drones for local law enforcement because of concerns about airspace safety. However, it has implemented special provisions to allow some public safety agencies to begin using them. With Congress’ new legislation, their use by law enforcement should dramatically increase in coming years.