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As part of tomorrow’s city planning, smart cities will utilize both information and communication technologies as well as Internet of Things (IoT) solutions in a secure way that will make it possible to manage the city’s assets, including its information systems, transportation systems, hospitals, and essential infrastructure. It is true that a smart city can make life easier, but it requires governments to raise awareness of effective and safe management at the same time.
With the smart city vision, the central element is Big Data, meaning a vast amount of information gathered from numerous sources, whose analysis allows for the improvement of the life of city residents. Such data collections require fast, reliable communications between the various sources.
According to techtarget.com, smart city OSes provide access to a vast amount of data stored on a cloud server. Traffic cameras, sensors, connected vehicles, and other infrastructure, such as streetlights, collect and share data. City management is made possible by constantly analyzing big data in real time in order to create a ‘smart’ city. Generally, smart cities are networked by the Internet of Things, which provides rich information in real time from a variety of devices, computers, and sensors.
Most smartphones that we carry around today are equipped with advanced sensors and have 4G or 5G networks, making them their own IoT sensors that cover most areas in smart cities. Having access to this information can lead to a real revolution in the smart city and enhance the “user experience” in the urban environment.
Installation of various IoT devices increases annual maintenance costs associated with smart cities. Governments will also need to address privacy concerns, since personally identifiable information (PII) should not be collected. Some of these issues can be addressed by using existing sensors on private smartphones, as residents will be able to limit access to PII and maintenance costs will remain the responsibility of the smartphone user.
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